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From "producing more grain" to "producing good grain"

From "producing more grain" to "producing good grain"

  • Categories:Industry News
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  • Time of issue:2020-10-11 09:44
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(Summary description)At present, my country's grain production capacity has reached 1.2 trillion catties, but the structural contradictions are very prominent, and the supply of high-quality varieties is insufficient. The State Grain Administration and the Ministry of Finance launched the

From "producing more grain" to "producing good grain"

(Summary description)At present, my country's grain production capacity has reached 1.2 trillion catties, but the structural contradictions are very prominent, and the supply of high-quality varieties is insufficient. The State Grain Administration and the Ministry of Finance launched the

  • Categories:Industry News
  • Author:
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2020-10-11 09:44
  • Views:
Information

At present, my country's grain production capacity has reached 1.2 trillion catties, but the structural contradictions are very prominent, and the supply of high-quality varieties is insufficient. The State Grain Administration and the Ministry of Finance launched the "Quality Grain Project" this year to promote the transformation of grain production from "producing more grains" to "producing good grains", increasing the supply of green and high-quality grain and oil products, and boosting the quality and efficiency of the grain industry. The construction of the grain post-production service system, the construction of the grain quality inspection system, and the "China Good Cereals and Oils" action are the three main contents and important starting points for the implementation of the "Quality Grain Project"

On November 6, the State Grain Administration and the Ministry of Finance held an on-site experience exchange meeting to accelerate the implementation of the "Quality Grain Project" in Wuhan, Hubei. People in the food industry gathered to exchange typical experiences in the implementation of the "Quality Grain Project" and to study and explore further advancements. Measures.

At present, my country’s grain production capacity has reached 1.2 trillion catties, but the structural contradictions are very prominent and the supply of high-quality varieties is insufficient. The State Grain Administration and the Ministry of Finance launched the "Quality Grain Project" this year to release the economic vitality of the grain industry, expand the development space of the grain industry, promote the transformation of grain production from focusing on output to focusing on quality and efficiency, increase the supply of green and high-quality grain and oil products, and promote urban and rural areas Residents have shifted from "eat well" to "eat well", helping the grain industry economy to achieve quality and efficiency improvement.

Build a long-term mechanism for promoting agricultural income growth

The unscientific post-production management of grain is one of the important factors restricting the current economic development of the grain industry and affecting the income of farmers from growing grain. Building a grain post-production service system is an important starting point to promote the implementation of the "Quality Grain Project".

The construction of the grain post-production service system mainly aims at the establishment of a professional and operational grain post-production service center for farmers' grain harvesting, storing, selling, cleaning and drying under market-oriented purchase conditions, and creating the grain post-production service functions needed by farmers , To provide farmers with "five generations" services such as "cleaning, drying, storage, processing, and sales". Where conditions permit, the scope of services can also be extended to provide market information, seeds, fertilizers and financing, guarantee services, and promotion of contract agriculture. Construction will begin in 2017, and strive to achieve a national grain-producing county by the end of the "13th Five-Year Plan" Full coverage.

Located in Baixiang County, Hebei Province, Jinguyuan Grain and Oil Trading Co., Ltd. has been engaged in the purchase and sale of high-quality strong gluten wheat for many years. Chang Qing, the general manager of the company, said that in 2011, the company relied on COFCO to set up the Jinguyuan High-quality Wheat Professional Cooperative to develop high-quality wheat order cultivation. In 2016, a comprehensive service center for agriculture was established to provide farmers with field trusteeship, order planting, agricultural technology, food banks, crop hospitals, soil testing formulas, agricultural machinery services, e-commerce services, agricultural material distribution and other services for farmers on orders. Provide agricultural service support. The company currently has a storage capacity of 200,000 tons and an annual trade volume of 400,000 tons. The order planting area has grown from 100,000 acres to the current 500,000 acres. This not only promotes the cultivation of high-quality wheat in Baixiang, but also radiates the surrounding Longyao, Ningjin Counties and cities such as Renxian and Renxian can increase farmers’ income by more than 90 million yuan each year and cultivate a team of three to four hundred grain brokers.

The head of the National Grain Administration stated that the establishment of a food post-production service system is conducive to building a long-term mechanism for promoting agricultural income. By providing farmers with specialized services such as cleaning, drying, and sorting, promote grain upgrading and upgrading, and greatly improve the ability of grain quality preservation; by providing farmers with grain storage and other services, create conditions for farmers to sell grain at the right time and at the right price, and strengthen Bargaining power to promote continuous increase in income of grain farmers. Through the construction of grain post-production service centers and farmers' scientific grain storage facilities, the loss rate of farmers' grain storage has been greatly reduced. Through the integration of post-production service resources, a complete service chain is formed, the level of agricultural specialization is improved, the development of the rural tertiary industry is promoted, service efficiency and labor productivity are improved, and farmers' income is increased.

Build a "firewall" for food quality and safety

Food quality and safety are related to the three meals a day of the people, and the responsibility is heavier than Mount Tai. Strengthening the construction of food quality and safety supervision and monitoring capabilities and improving the operation mechanism of the food quality inspection system can effectively prevent unqualified food products from entering the grain market, improve the level of food quality and safety from the field to the table, and take the source of food quality and safety. The masses of the people "eat safely and eat with confidence" and earnestly guarantee "safety on the tip of their tongue."

It is understood that after years of continuous and unremitting efforts, my country has initially established a national food quality and safety monitoring system, which effectively guarantees the quality and safety of rations. However, the current grassroots grain quality and safety inspection capabilities are still relatively weak. There are only 45 county-level national grain quality monitoring agencies, with a coverage of only 1.6%, which is seriously mismatched with more than 600 million tons of grain production and consumption in my country. In addition, they are also generally faced with problems such as outdated and outdated inspection equipment, weak food safety index inspection capabilities, and serious shortage of funds for monitoring and inspection operations.

The person in charge of the National Grain Administration stated that through the implementation of the “Quality Grain Project”, during the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, six national, 32 provincial, 305 municipal and 960 county-level food quality inspection agencies will be established and improved. The formed food quality safety inspection and monitoring system focuses on solving the problems of insufficient food quality and safety early warning monitoring and inspection capabilities, and the serious lack of grassroots food quality inspection institutions, and realizes "organizational network, full monitoring coverage, and no blind spots in supervision" and national and provincial , City, and county four-level linkage, to do a good job in the inspection and monitoring of the entire industry chain of “grain heads, food tails,” and “agricultural heads, workers and tails”. The monitoring coverage has increased by more than 60%, and the comprehensive pass rate of food products has increased by more than 5%. Provide strong support to ensure national food quality and safety.

The advanced standard system is the first "firewall" to protect food quality and safety. At present, the State Grain Administration centrally manages 587 food standards (336 national standards and 251 industry standards), covering procurement, storage, processing, transportation, and sales. In the process of standard formulation and revision, the quality and safety requirements of food products were further highlighted, quality and safety control indicators were added, and mandatory labeling of product names, raw materials and processing techniques was implemented. Researched and formulated a number of advanced inspection methods and standards for grain and oil products, such as rapid detection methods for mycotoxins, heavy metals and other contaminants, and detection methods for illegal additives such as benzoyl peroxide, potassium bromate, linoleum, and mineral oil in food products Wait. At present, my country's grain and oil product quality and safety inspection method standards are basically consistent with international standards and standards in developed countries.

Formation of a circulation mechanism of "high-quality grain and high-price"

Implement the "China's Good Grain and Oil" action plan, promote the formation of a market circulation mechanism of "good grain and high price", and promote the production of high-quality grain farmers and grain enterprises by giving play to the guiding role of circulation in production and consumption under the premise of ensuring the safety of grain quantity Grain and oil, increase income through high-quality and favorable prices, and strive to increase the rate of high-quality grain and oil products in major grain-producing counties across the country by more than 30% by 2020, and farmers' income from planting high-quality grain and oil will increase significantly.

"China Good Cereals and Oils" refers to high-quality grain and oil products that meet the requirements of the "China Good Cereals and Oils" series of standards. In September this year, the State Grain Administration officially issued the "China Good Cereals and Oils" series of standards, including quality control specifications for the production of wheat, wheat flour, dried noodles, rice, rice, edible corn, fodder corn, soybeans, edible vegetable oil, grains, and soybeans 12 A food industry standard. Compared with the current standard, the "China Good Cereals and Oils" standard has stricter safety requirements, emphasizes strengthening quality evaluation, advocating appropriate processing, more prominent nutritional characteristics, and emphasizing product quality traceability information. The State Grain Administration has also set out to build a national-level online sales platform for "Good Cereals and Oils of China", uniformly formulating the standards, labels, and use management regulations for "Good Cereals and Oils". If the provincial grain administrative department determines that it meets the standards, the use of unified national signs is allowed. This series of measures have created conditions and laid the foundation for my country to create a national-level grain and oil brand.

"Increase variety, improve quality, and create brand" is the main goal of China's Good Grain and Oil Initiative. For example, Jilin Province has vigorously promoted the construction of Jilin rice brand in recent years. Compared with the beginning of the brand building, the rice sown area in the province has increased by nearly 1 million mu, reaching 13 million mu, and the coverage rate of good varieties exceeds 80%; medium and high-end rice production From 900 million catties to 1.5 billion catties, an increase of 66%. A group of basic, powerful, brand-named, and market-oriented grain enterprises have driven farmers to expand high-quality grain cultivation, achieve scale, standardization, and branding, accelerate industrial upgrading, and improve the supply of green, high-quality grain and oil products. For example, more than 1 million mu of green high-quality rice planting bases of Jiangsu Nongken Group, 1.5 million mu of high-quality wheat planting bases of Shandong Binzhou Zhongyu Food Co., Ltd., and 600,000 mu of high-quality wheat planting bases of Inner Mongolia Hengfeng Group have become an increase in the supply of high-quality food and drive farmers' income. The important force of.

The person in charge of the National Grain Administration stated that the construction of the grain post-production service system, the construction of the grain quality inspection system, and the "China Good Grain and Oil" action are the three main contents and important starting points for the implementation of the "Quality Grain Project". The three rely on each other, promote each other, and work closely together to jointly serve grain production, circulation and consumption, escort more and better “high-quality grain” to the society, and promote the formation of “grain farmers who grow good grain, collect and store grain”. The new grain circulation system in which enterprises receive good grain, processing enterprises produce good grain, and the people eat good grain" has laid a solid foundation for ensuring national food security in the new era.

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